There is strong evidence linking adequate levels of physical activity with numerous health benefits such as:
- Lower rates of all-cause mortality, coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, type 2 diabetes, colon cancer and breastcancer
- Higher level of cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness, functional health, healthier body mass and composition, and better cognitive functions
- Biomarker profile that is more favourable for the prevention of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and the enhancement of bone health
- Reduced risk of moderate and severe functional limitations and role limitations
Conversely, lack of physical activity has been linked to a several health problems. A report from the American Heart Association identified physical inactivity as the fourth major modifiable risk factor of Cardiovascular Health Disease, joining smoking, hypertension and dyslipidemia (an abnormal amount of lipids/fat in the blood).
it is important to know when to stop exercising to prevent joint damage, dehydration, and in extreme cases heart attacks. Learn to listen to your body
According to the world healt organization, the recommended amount of physical activity varies by age group:
- Children and youth aged 5–17 should accumulate at least 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily. Amounts of physical activity greater than 60 minutes provide additional health benefits. Most of the daily physical activity should be aerobic.
- Adults should do at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic physical activity throughout the week or do at least 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity throughout the week or an equivalent combination of moderate- and vigorous-intensity activity.